World Secretariat's involvement in Post-2015 process
Different processes are part of the definition of the 2015 strategy and UCLG will be particularly involved in the following ones:
1. The High Level Panel (HLP) launched in July, will deliver a report to the UN SG by second quarter of 2013 to be presented at 68th UN GA in September.
2. The open working group on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), (30 members) was launched at the UN General Assembly, September 2012. It should work on developing modalities to “ensure the full involvement of relevant stakeholders” and submit a report to the 68th UN General Assembly in 2013, containing a proposal for sustainable development goals. Its members are currently being identified by Member States.
3. Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments for Post-2015 Development Agenda: the WS, jointly with the Regional Sections, propose to create a group of mayors supported by a group of experts to work towards building a joint position for local and regional governments in this process, and assure a close follow-up in support of the Presidency’s participation in the HLP.
4. A Post-2015 Outreach Strategic Planning Group is set up to coordinate media, institutional and civil society efforts for communication purposes. It is in charge of the Global Conversation, which will be based in a web platform making use of new technology (social networks; web based; mobile technology…) to gather inputs from all stakeholders.
Follow the global discussion at: http://www.worldwewant2015.org
UCLG Members involvement in Post-2015 process
The post-2015 process has seen a strong call from UN and Member States to be an open and inclusive consultation process, engaging all stakeholders that should reflect the different voices. The following mechanisms have been defined:
1. National Dialogues will take place in more than 50 countries, outside of OECD countries. They will be led by UN resident coordinators, which are generally attached to the UNDP agency.
The outcomes of these dialogues will be consolidated into the UN Secretary Report launched in 2013 to inform the September 2013 MDGs High Level Event.
(See the list of countries in Annex – please note that 50 additional countries should be soon published)
2. Nine Global Thematic Dialogues are planned on the following issues: inequalities, health, education, growth and employment, governance, environmental sustainability, food security and nutrition, conflict and fragility, population dynamics.
In principle the World Secretariat has identified four of these as particularly of interest for local governments. We are conscious that all of the above are relevant and interesting. However our capacity to influence the topic is probably the strongest in the following:
3. Population dynamics
4. Environmental Sustainability
3. Regional consultations
- at the European level: a consultation is on-going and will close on 15 September.
For more information please consult: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/how/public-consultations/towards_post-2015...
- at the African level: consultations took place in November 2011 through a regional workshop and an online survey. For more information please see:
UCLG President nominated as a member of the High-Level Panel
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced on 31st of July 2012 the members of a High-Level Panel to advise on the global development agenda beyond 2015, the target date for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Among the 27 personalities of this High-Level Panel, Mr. Kadir Topbas, Mayor of Istanbul and President of UCLG, has been nominated. This nomination comes as recognition of the work accomplished by our Organization and its members towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
According to a recent study, the goals set on reduction of poverty, slums and access to water will be achieved; it is worth highlighting that these are fields in which the actions of local and regional authorities is of particular relevance.
Mr. Ban Ki-moon asked the High-Level Panel to prepare a bold yet practical development vision. The Panel hosted its first meeting in September, in the framework of the United Nations General Assembly. It is expected to submit its findings to the Secretary-General in the first half of 2013.
1st High-Level Panel, 24-25 September 2012
The first meeting of the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post 2015 Development Agenda took place in New York on 24-25 September.
Panel members agreed that the Post 2015 process would need to be fully integrated with other processes currently taking place in the international agenda, such as the follow up to Rio+20 and the Habitat III.
The independence of the panel and the need to ensure that the voices of the different stakeholders were included in the Panel´s report were emphasized.
The President of UCLG and Mayor of Istanbul expressed his commitment to ensure that the diverse voices of local and regional authorities would reach the panel through his inputs and he offered to facilitate a meeting of the Panel members with local and regional authorities.
It was further agreed that it was necessary to identify catalysts to achieve Post 2015 Goals. It is necessary to identify areas that have the greatest multiplier effect, such as access to water and gender equality.
The UCLG President called the Post 2015 process to focus on empowering the different stakeholders and in particular local and regional authorities. "Growing inequalities are theAchilles heel of the Millenium Developement Goals. Many of these inequalities cannot be addressed without proper service provision of the urban dwellers around the world".
The agenda should be rooted in the needs of the people and communities. The success of our recommendations will be assured if we develop a sense of ownership and accountability at all levels, international, national and sub-national-local levels”, he said.
Dr. Kadir Topbas also added that the future global agenda should be applicable to both developing and developed countries. It should further promote a high degree of policy coherence at the global, national but also sub-national levels; define shared responsibilities and a more balanced approach among all levels of government, local stakeholders and development partners. It is this broad involvement of all stakeholders and a strong anchor on community needs that will make us successful.
The UCLG President made a call for immediate actions that would help maintain momentum to meet the MDGs: “The world has change over the last 15 years since the MDGs where defined. Despite strong efforts and the effectiveness of MDGs, the pace in progress towards poverty eradication has been slow and uneven. Multiple and intertwined crises have emerged coexisting against an unsustainable depletion of the world’s natural resource base. Over 70% of the world’s poor live now in middle income countries, and increasing percentage in cities. The traditional rural-urban patterns are changing drastically”, he added.
Dr. Topbas emphasized the role of local governments in the provision of basic services, that are central to the reduction of poverty and disease. Indeed, the achievement of many of the MDGs’ goals and targets depends on local governments and the support they receive from higher levels of government, international agencies and their capacity to build strong partnerships with civil society and private sector. A strong call was made to support the implementation at local level to accelerate MDGs implementation, strengthening the role of Local Governments and building strong local coalitions including all stakeholders could make the difference in the next three years.
President Topbas pointed out the key gaps in the current MDG framework and priority new challenges for the development framework. “The MDGs agenda does not sufficiently address who and how should be acting to achieve the goals. This is something that the new agenda needs to address”
“There is a further a need for a fundamental revision of the global partnership: the institutional and financial framework that should underpin the goals and targets. The new framework should be supported by a stronger and more democratic international governance structure that includes new stakeholders and covers issues and regulations not being addressed at present.”
The UCLG President concluded with the need of identifying new factors that should get greater relevance, such as urbanization, climate change adaptation and access to new technologies. Some of the solutions reduce patterns of energies consumption; disaster risk reduction and comprehensive planning require adapted local strategies and more integrated territorial approach with appropriate involvement from all levels of government. “A large part of this discussion should focus on financial institutions that can support governments (at all levels) that have the responsibility of addressing needs and managing local development”, he ended.
2nd High-Level Panel, 1-2 November 2012
During the 2nd High-Level Panel held in London on 1-2 November 2012, Dr. Kadir Topbaş, Mayor of Istanbul and President of UCLG, voices the views of local and regional governments in this important forum which will play a key role in defining the international development agenda for the coming decades. The London debates paid special attention on poverty eradication, job creation and the promotion of sustainable development.
The London meeting stressed the need to target individual and household level poverty. UCLG President stressed the importance of addressing inequalities at local level, through the provision of basic services, adequate infrastructures and the definition of local development strategies. Dr. Kadir Topbas declared: “many of the challenges we face require an integrated territorial approach and the improvement of urban planning.” He further stressed : “Territorial inequalities should be addressed by the future Post 2015 agenda”,
UCLG President further underlined the need to build on the Rio+20 outcome document which acknowledges the work conducted at sub-national and local levels, recognizing their role in public service delivery, poverty alleviation, and risk management: “the definition of concrete goals and targets in the Post 2015 process should build on the outcomes of Rio +20” and put the needs of the people and communities at the heart of the agenda”.
Following up his commitment to represent the broad constituency of local and regional authorities and their diverse networks, the UCLG President has invited local government sister organizations to join a Task-force that will prepare inputs for the 2015 process.
He further proposed the High Level Panel to have a dedicated sub-group on sustainable urbanization which will address development targets from the holistic approach of cities and will path the way for the new Urban Agenda to be defined at the Habitat III Conference.
Read the full meeting's report
UCLG Task-Force on Post-2015 agenda
During the UCLG World Council held in Dakar (Senegal) from 4 to 6 December 2012, UCLG members approved the creation of a Task-Force on the Post-2015 agenda.
During the two Policy Debates held in Dakar and chaired by Dr. Wolfgang Schuster and Karen Leibovici, (Councilor of Edmonton, President of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities) respectively, UCLG members and partners called UCLG to ensure that the vision and concerns of local and regional authorities will be introduced in the new development agenda.
UCLG President, Kadir Topbaş expressed his commitment to bringing this vision to the table of the High Level Panel for Post 2015. He further proposed the creation of a Local and Regional Government Taskforce that will include all relevant sister organizations and would be enlarged with experts and partners working together towards the High Level Session for the Revision of the MDGs in September 2013.
Partners such as ORU-FOGAR, ICLEI and CLGF have already confirmed their interest in working with UCLG in this Taskforce. AIMF, ATO and NRG4SD have been invited to join.
The first meeting of the Taskforce is envisaged to take place in New York on the first half of the year. A preliminary calendar of work was adopted for 2013 culminating with concrete proposals for the High Level Segment of the UN General Assembly in September.
Mayors and Regional Presidents called for the new development agenda to be people centered and focusing on who needs to be empowered and how. A call for sound decentralization with adequate competences and resources was made, as well as increased attention for culture as a fourth pillar for sustainable development. Addressing inequalities, promoting participatory governance and creating the necessary conditions to provide basic services were some of the key topics identified as catalysts of development.
Finally, the UCLG leadership called for an inclusive International Governance Framework that would allow for a true multilevel partnership where the sustainability and development agenda would be integrated. They further expressed support for the definition of Sustainable Development Goals closely related to the Millennium Development Goals and organized around basic services.
The role of cities, local and regional governments in mitigating and adapting to climate change and the need to plan for disaster risk reduction and further develop sustainable urban planning were emphasized as pivotal issues of the new Urban Agenda to be defined in Habitat III.
3rd High-Level Panel, 29 January - 1 February 2013
The third meeting of the High-Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda took place in Monrovia (Liberia), from 29 January to 2 February and was hosted by H.E. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President of Liberia, Co-chair of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons.
The meeting main topic was “National Building Blocks for Sustained Prosperity” and convened discussions on Affecting economic transformation, Governance and institution building, Infrastructure and Sustainability and the necessity of Green Growth paths. Dr. Kadir Topbas voiced the views of local and regional governments and stressed that cities are motors of economic growth and that inclusive and sustainable cities are urban fabrics for future generations.
UCLG President recalled that many cities are in the forefront of sustainable initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to develop plans to adapt to climate change and mitigate natural disaster risks and promote the use of renewable energies. He emphasized the need to “localize” the future development agenda, as MDGs and targets cannot only be seen as global or national goals. Dr. Topbas called to address this deficit defining more specific targets and indicators for urban areas to:
- Reduce inequalities –ensuring universal access to basic services (safe sufficient water, sanitation, health care, quality education, transport)
- Improving the quality of life of slum dwellers and achieve the right to adequate housing–,
- Improving jobs and livelihoods income for the poor –supporting local economic pro poor policies specially adapted to informal sectors–
- Ensure environmental sustainability –improving risk prevention, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting renewable energy sources in cities.
4th High-Level Panel 25-27 March 2013
The UN HLP Post 2015 met in Bali, Indonesia on 25-27 March to continue the work commissioned by the United Nations Secretary General to recommend an ambitious yet achievable framework for the world’s post-2015 development agenda. The Bali meeting focused on how to build a global partnership and means of implementation for the development agenda.
The Panel highlighted the importance of an open, transparent and inclusive process that seeks global ownership of a shared development agenda and identified therefore the need to Foster the creation of a renewed Global Partnership that “enables a transformative, people-centred and planet-sensitive development agenda which is realized through the equal partnership of all stakeholders. Such partnership should be based on the principles of equity, sustainability, solidarity, and respect for humanity and shared responsibilities in accordance with respective capabilities.
The final communiqué of the meeting in Bali acknowledges the need to promote partnerships at all levels to develop a single and coherent post-2015 development agenda that integrates economic growth, social inclusion and environmental sustainability.
It called for partnerships that will strengthen societies and protect human rights. It acknowledges that “Enhanced and scaled up models of cooperation among all levels of governments, the private sector, and civil society at the global, regional, national, and sub-national levels will be needed.
The views of the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments for Post 2015 and towards Habitat III reflected in the statement accessible here were distributed among the HLP members.
Besides the above-mentioned need to act and involve all levels of government another important acknowledgement was made calling for local data to be gathered and taken into account in decision-making.
The HLP will present its report to the Secretary General at the end of May. The Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments will meet on this occasion at the UN Headquarters on 28 May to present the sub national perspective to the Post 2015 agenda.
Local and Regional Governments organizations have created a Global Taskforce in order to build a joint strategy to contribute to the international policy making debates within the framework of the Post 2015, Rio+20 and towards Habitat III.
The Taskforce aims at representing the worldwide municipal movement which is celebrating its hundred years in 2013 and has representation in all the countries of the world. Launched in December 2012 at the accession of the Africities Summit in Dakar, the first meeting of the Taskforce took place in Istanbul 19-20 March.
- See more at http://www.uclg.org/en/node/7089#sthash.f4z5glWY.dpuf
Intergovernmental processes to define the Post-2015 Development Agenda
At the UN Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012, governments agreed to establish several processes to build on their commitments to achieving sustainable development. Of these processes, those that are “intergovernmental” (with UN Member States negotiating outcomes) include:
1. the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals,
2. the High-Level Political Forum,
3. the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on a Sustainable Development Financing
4. UN General Assembly Special Event on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the
post-2015 development agenda
Simultaneously, the UN system – specialized agencies, programmes, and funds led by UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon – has begun efforts to define the global development framework to replace the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which expire in 2015. Four reports will have been submitted to the Secretary-General by September 2013, by the High-level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, the UN Global Compact, and the UN Development Group.
Along with these reports, the Secretary-General’s report on accelerating progress towards the MDGs and advancing the post-2015 agenda will inform Member States as they define a post-2015 agenda that builds on and goes beyond the existing MDGs. The post-2015 agenda is expected to converge with the outcomes of Rio+20, into a universal single development framework with poverty reduction and sustainable development at its core.
The following intergovernmental processes offer opportunities for civil society to monitor and influence the design of the post-2015 development agenda, its institutional arrangements, and its means of implementation.
This primer provides an overview of these processes – how they work, who is involved, and what entry points exist for civil society advocacy.
See more at UN-NGLS