UCLG Committee on Local Finance participated in the World Summit Climate and Territories,organized on 1 & 2 July in Lyon-France, by the Rhône-Alpes Region. The Summit gathered around 900 local and regional representatives and climate stakeholders with the objective of finding synergies and unity towards the COP21 in Paris in December.
Besides plenary sessions, the Summit was structured around collaborative thematic workshops –from mobility to education, agriculture and planning. The aims of the workshops was to gather field specialists, non-state actors and elected representatives to debate and agree on joint proposals for the COP21. These proposals include both commitments from local and regional governments, as well as recommendations to Central States and other climate stakeholders, such as development banks.
UCLG and its Committee on Local Finance for Development were closely involved in the organization of this summit and the formulation of such recommendations. In particular, they mobilized through the organization and animation of the workshop on climate finance, together with the GERES, based on the general agreement that the gap between the needs and the amount actually dedicated to resilient infrastructures is widening, in particular in developing countries.
The workshop gave the audience a broad overview of ongoing initiatives by stakeholders from all over the world committed on this topic: the Federation of Canadian municipalities, Dakar, Ho Chi Minh and Mexico City, as well as organizations such as the French Development Agency and the OECD Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development, that came to underline capacity-building, scale and cooperation, between territories themselves and between the central and subnational levels of governments. CDC Climate, FMDV & UNCDF broadened the debate towards avenues for improvement and opening the path for coalition of stakeholders, by building upon existing initiatives (e.g. Summit of African Cities and Regions for Climate in Yamoussoukro in June 2015).
The main recommendations that have been drawn out of the workshop are:
- Mobilize sufficient resources to enable local and regional governments to face the climate-change challenge, including grants for adaptation for the poorest citizens and most vulnerable territories.
- Support local and regional governments in identifying, structuring and planning investment needs in order to cope with climate change.
- Create enabling environments for long-term investment, enhance mobilization of local resources and ease access to external financing resources when the context allows it.
- Support and promote well-fitted financial instruments that enable local governments to access existing resources
- There is more broadly a need to set up new financial resources at all levels, and this implies enabling privileged access of local and subnational governments to climate international financial facilities such as the Green Climate Fund.
- Particular focus was made on rural-urban linkages, as well as tax evasion and gender-sensitive fiscal reforms.
Two new projects have been introduced:
- The Climate Finance Leadership Alliance, aiming at solving the incompatibility between the demand and the offer of climate finance;
- The Green Fund for Cities, led by the City of Paris and Île-de-France Region, among others. In this sense, French President François Hollande announced its support to local and regional authorities to gain direct access to green funds, abounded by and for them.
At the end of the Summit, 50 organizations have signed the General Declaration “Placing territorial action at the heart of the response to climate challenge”, making it the most widely supported climate declaration.
Now it is crucial to make synergies between the climate negotiations and the rest of this year’s main negotiations if we want these proposals to be effective. In this sense, Ronan Dantec, Co-Coordinator of the Summit and UCLG's global spokesperson for climate issues, was in Addis Ababa last week with the Committee on Local Finance and the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments for the Conference Financing for Development.
The conference was a great opportunity to relay the commitments of local and regional representatives against climate change, and stress the link between climate investments and sustainable development (see side-event here).
The question of a sharing-platform on climate finance was also discussed for being integrated within our project of global observatory on local finances (see side-event here).
Now we are working further for capitalizing and building on those commitments through the Committee’s projects and for our future participation in the COP21 and Habitat III in 2016.